The Ebola outbreak in West Africa is the world's deadliest to date and the World Health Organization has declared an international health emergency as more than 3,850 people have died of the virus in Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Nigeria this year.
Ebola is a viral illness of which the initial symptoms can include a sudden fever, intense weakness, muscle pain and a sore throat, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). And that is just the beginning: subsequent stages are vomiting, diarrhoea and - in some cases - both internal and external bleeding.
The current outbreak is the deadliest since Ebola was discovered in 1976
The disease infects humans through close contact with infected animals, including chimpanzees, fruit bats and forest antelope.
It then spreads between humans by direct contact with infected blood, bodily fluids or organs, or indirectly through contact with contaminated environments. Even funerals of Ebola victims can be a risk, if mourners have direct contact with the body of the deceased.
What are the symptoms, and what should I do if I think I'm infected? A person infected with Ebola virus will typically develop a fever, headache, joint and muscle pain, a sore throat, and intense muscle weakness. These symptoms start suddenly, between two and 21 days after becoming infected. If you feel unwell with the above symptoms within 21 days of coming back from Guinea, Liberia or Sierra Leone, you should stay at home and immediately telephone 111 or 999 and explain that you have recently visited West Africa.
These services will provide advice and arrange for you to be seen in a hospital if necessary so the cause of your illness can be determined. It's really important that medical services are expecting your arrival and calling 111 or 999 will ensure this happens.
How is Ebola virus disease treated?
There's currently no licensed treatment or vaccine for Ebola virus disease, although potential new vaccines and drug therapies are being developed and tested. Patients diagnosed with Ebola virus disease are placed in isolation in intensive care, where their blood oxygen levels and blood pressure are maintained at the right level and their body organs supported. Read more information about how Ebola virus disease is treated.
Healthcare workers need to avoid contact with the bodily fluids of their infected patients by taking strict precautions.
ZMapp is an experimental treatment that can be tried, although it has not yet been tested in humans for safety or effectiveness. The product is a combination of three different antibodies that bind to the protein of the Ebola virus.
How is it diagnosed?
It's difficult to know if a patient is infected with Ebola virus in the early stages as symptoms such as fever, headache and muscle pain are similar to those of many other diseases. But specialist infection clinicians will make expert judgements on what the most likely diagnosis is, based on the patient’s history.
Welcome to the Official Website of IMAN Lagos State Chapter
Welcome to the Islamic Medical Association of Nigeria, Lagos State Chapter websites. I am delighted that you have chosen to visit our website and hope that you will find much to enjoy and reflect on whilst you browse through and have an opportunity of visiting our heritage sites as altogether we promote culture tourism. Our mission is to promote better understanding and appreciation of health care within the framework of Islam. Our web site provides an additional avenue for our brothers and sisters; Muslim medical practitioners and paramedical researchers to access rich volume records which represent "our common heritage and have insight into the molding of an all rounded ideal Muslim personalities".
As for those who are not, I am sure you may be surprised to learn that, although, the founding fathers of this association were largely from the southern part of the country; more or less. Ironically today, IMAN is far more popular, far more generally embraced in the north so much so that the association now has embark on a deliberate drive of generating membership from the southern part of the country!