An outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) that first started in Guinea has spread at such an unprecedented rate that it has been declared an epidemic in West Africa, gripping the world with fear. This is the largest and most severe Ebola outbreak in history and has killed over 1,000 people, prompting the World Health Organization (WHO) to declare it a worldwide public health concern.

Here’s what you need to know about EVD and how practising proper hygiene habits can help in this global outbreak. Formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, EVD is severe and often fatal to humans, with a whopping death rate of up to 90%. EVD outbreaks occur primarily in remote villages in Central and West Africa, near tropical rainforests. The virus is transmitted to people from wild animals and fruit bats of the Pteropodidae family are considered to be the natural host of the Ebola virus..

EVD has prompted global concerns due to its fatality and the lack of a confirmed vaccine to cure the disease. While there is no confirmed cure now, the United States Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) has recently approved the Liberia government’s request for the use of the experimental drug, Zmapp, a mix of specially engineered antibodies designed to target and inactivate the Ebola virus .

The virus spreads through human-to-human transmission and infection occurs from touching bodily fluids of a person who is sick with, or has died from EVD, or from exposure to contaminated objects. Therefore, the most important thing is to avoid contact with the blood or bodily fluids of an infected patient. Unlike respiratory infections like influenza and tuberculosis, Ebola is not airborne. Neither can you get EVD through sharing food and water.

During this outbreak, those at higher risk of infection include health workers, family members in close contact with infected people and mourners who have direct contact with the bodies of the deceased as part of burial ceremonies.

Symptoms of EVD include fever, headache, joint and muscle aches, weakness, diarrhoea, vomiting, stomach pain, lack of appetite, and abnormal bleeding. It may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to Ebola virus, though 8-10 days is the most common. Severely ill patients require intensive supportive care and patients with suspected or confirmed EVD should be isolated and separated from other patients.

Welcome to the Official Website of IMAN Lagos State Chapter

Welcome to the Islamic Medical Association of Nigeria, Lagos State Chapter websites. I am delighted that you have chosen to visit our website and hope that you will find much to enjoy and reflect on whilst you browse through and have an opportunity of visiting our heritage sites as altogether we promote culture tourism. Our mission is to promote better understanding and appreciation of health care within the framework of Islam. Our web site provides an additional avenue for our brothers and sisters; Muslim medical practitioners and paramedical researchers to access rich volume records which represent "our common heritage and have insight into the molding of an all rounded ideal Muslim personalities".

As for those who are not, I am sure you may be surprised to learn that, although, the founding fathers of this association were largely from the southern part of the country; more or less. Ironically today, IMAN is far more popular, far more generally embraced in the north so much so that the association now has embark on a deliberate drive of generating membership from the southern part of the country!

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