When you eat right, you strengthen your bones and lower your odds of getting a disease that makes them weaker and more likely to break (osteoporosis). The best strategy is to keep a few key nutrients in mind when you plan your meals.

Get Calcium
If you don't get enough, your bones may get weaker, which can lead to fractures. Many adults need 1,000 mg per day. If you're a woman over 50, bump that up to 1,200 mg. A man over 70? Ditto.

The problem is, your body doesn't make calcium on its own. You need to get it from other sources. Food, rather than pills, is the best way to get some.

Dairy Foods
Make sure you get enough dairy. It's a surefire way to protect against osteoporosis, says Rene Ficek, RD, a nutrition expert at Seattle Sutton's Healthy Eating. Cow's milk is a great source of calcium. One cup has 300 mg. That's about one-third of the daily recommended amount.


You can also get calcium from cheese and yogurt.
Dairy Alternatives

Not a fan of dairy products? Instead of cow's milk, try some made from almonds, rice, or soy. 

Check the nutrition labels carefully. Rice milk can have anywhere from 20-250 mg of calcium per serving, says Toby Smithson, RDN, a spokesperson for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Soy milks vary between 35-300 mg per serving.
Non-dairy Foods

You can also get calcium by eating things like:

    Broccoli
    Almonds
    Canned sardines
    Salmon and other soft-bone fish
    Leafy green vegetables like collard greens, kale, bok choy, and spinach
    Beans

Or try food that has it added in. It will say "calcium-fortified" on the label. Some choices are:

    Juices
    Soy and rice milk
    Bottled water
    Breads
    Cereals
    Snacks

For drinks, always shake the container. The calcium may have settled to the bottom.

A supplement can help if you can't get enough calcium from your diet. Ask your doctor how much is right for you.
Invest in Vitamin D

It's also important for strong bones. Your body needs it to absorb calcium. Most people need 400-800 IU (international units) of vitamin D a day. You can get that in a serving of grilled salmon, or in a salad topped with lots of canned tuna.

If you're over 50, you need more. Try to get at least 800-1,000 IU per day.  

If you don't get enough D from your diet, ask your doctor if you should try a supplement.

You can also get some vitamin D when you get out in the sun for 10 to 15 minutes a day. But don't overdo it, since too much sunshine raises your risk of skin cancer.
Power Up With Protein

Protein may improve your bone strength. Plus, studies suggest it helps your body heal after a bone fracture.

If you're a woman, get 46 grams of protein every day. What does that look like? A 3-ounce serving of meat has 21 grams and a cup of dried beans has about 14, for example.

If you're a man, bump your daily totals up by an extra 10 grams.

Milk and milk alternatives are good protein sources. A cup of milk has 8 grams, and a cup of yogurt has 11.

But don't go overboard. High-protein diets may actually cause your body to lose calcium, Ficek says.
Other Bone-Building Nutrients

Potassium and magnesium. Foods with both may be good for your bone health.

"This duo, found in produce, has been found to slow bone loss," Smithson says. Good sources are spinach, halibut, and soybeans.

Some other nutrients that are good for your bones are:

    Vitamin K
    Vitamin C
    Vitamin A (But too much may lead to bone loss and increase your risk of a hip fracture.)

Get more by eating:

    Dairy products
    Meat
    Citrus fruits
    Tomatoes
    Eggs
    Green, leafy vegetables
    Carrots
    Pumpkin seeds
    Bran cereal
    Almonds or cashews
    Tofu

Moderation Is Key

Some foods, when you have too much of them, can be bad for your bone health. Keep these tips in mind:

Go easy on the alcohol. "Drinking more than 2-3 drinks per day can actually lead to bone loss," Ficek says.

Cut back on caffeine. Limit the amount of coffee, tea, and soda you drink. They might make it hard for your body to absorb calcium.

Eat less sodium. If you get too much of it, your body may lose calcium. Try to keep it under 2,400 mg a day. You can keep track by reading nutrition labels on boxes, cans, and bottles.

Article Sources © 2015 WebMD, LLC.

Welcome to the Official Website of IMAN Lagos State Chapter

Welcome to the Islamic Medical Association of Nigeria, Lagos State Chapter websites. I am delighted that you have chosen to visit our website and hope that you will find much to enjoy and reflect on whilst you browse through and have an opportunity of visiting our heritage sites as altogether we promote culture tourism. Our mission is to promote better understanding and appreciation of health care within the framework of Islam. Our web site provides an additional avenue for our brothers and sisters; Muslim medical practitioners and paramedical researchers to access rich volume records which represent "our common heritage and have insight into the molding of an all rounded ideal Muslim personalities".

As for those who are not, I am sure you may be surprised to learn that, although, the founding fathers of this association were largely from the southern part of the country; more or less. Ironically today, IMAN is far more popular, far more generally embraced in the north so much so that the association now has embark on a deliberate drive of generating membership from the southern part of the country!

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